Have a look at some of the great artists featured in the museum.
Vincent Willem van Gogh was a Dutch Post-Impressionist painter who is among the most famous and influential
figures in the history of Western art. In just over a decade he created about 2,100 artworks, including around 860 oil paintings,
most of them in the last two years of his life in France, where he died. They include landscapes, still lifes, portraits
and self-portraits, and are characterised by bold colours and dramatic, impulsive and expressive brushwork that contributed to
the foundations of modern art. His suicide at 37 followed years of mental illness and poverty.
Henri Julien Félix Rousseau (May 21, 1844 – September 2, 1910) was a French post-impressionist painter in the
Naïve or Primitive manner. He was also known as Le Douanier (the customs officer), a humorous description of his occupation
as a toll and tax collector. He started painting seriously in his early forties; by age 49, he retired from his job to work
on his art full-time. Ridiculed during his lifetime by critics, he came to be recognized as a self-taught genius whose works
are of high artistic quality. Rousseau's work exerted an extensive influence on several generations of avant-garde artists.
Paul Cézanne was a French artist and Post-Impressionist painter whose work
laid the foundations of the transition from the 19th-century conception of artistic endeavor to a new and radically different world
of art in the 20th century. Cézanne's often repetitive, exploratory brushstrokes are highly characteristic and clearly recognizable.
He used planes of color and small brushstrokes that build up to form complex fields. The paintings convey Cézanne's intense study of
Cézanne is said to have formed the bridge between late 19th-century Impressionism and the early 20th century's new line of artistic
enquiry, Cubism. Both Matisse and Picasso are said to have remarked that Cézanne "is the father of us all."
Sandro Botticelli was an Italian painter of the Early Renaissance. He belonged to the Florentine School under the
patronage of Lorenzo de' Medici, a movement that Giorgio Vasari would characterize less than a hundred years later in his
Vita of Botticelli as a "golden age". Botticelli's posthumous reputation suffered until the late 19th century; since then,
his work has been seen to represent the linear grace of Early Renaissance painting. As well as the small number of mythological subjects
which are his best known works, he painted a wide range of religious subjects and also some portraits. Botticelli's best-known works
are The Birth of Venus and Primavera.
Sir Peter Paul Rubens was a Flemish artist. He is considered the most influential
artist of Flemish Baroque tradition. Rubens' highly charged compositions reference erudite aspects of classical and Christian
history. His unique and immensely popular Baroque style emphasized movement, color, and sensuality, which followed the immediate,
dramatic artistic style promoted in the Counter-Reformation. Rubens specialized in making altarpieces, portraits, landscapes,
and history paintings of mythological and allegorical subjects. In addition to running a large studio in Antwerp that produced
paintings popular with nobility and art collectors throughout Europe, Rubens was a classically educated humanist scholar and
diplomat who was knighted by both Philip IV of Spain and Charles I of England.
Georges-Pierre Seurat was a French Post-Impressionist painter and draftsman. He is noted for his innovative
use of drawing media and for devising the painting techniques known as chromoluminarism and pointillism. Seurat's artistic
personality was compounded of qualities which are usually supposed to be opposed and incompatible. On the one hand, his extreme
and delicate sensibility, on the other a passion for logical abstraction and an almost mathematical precision of mind.
His large-scale work, A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte, altered the direction of modern art by
initiating Neo-impressionism, and is one of the icons of late 19th-century painting.
Gustav Klimt was an Austrian symbolist painter and one of the most prominent members of the Vienna Secession
movement. Klimt is noted for his paintings, murals, sketches, and other objets d'art. Klimt's primary subject was the female body,
and his works are marked by a frank eroticism. In addition to his figurative works, which include allegories and portraits,
he painted landscapes. Among the artists of the Vienna Secession, Klimt was the most influenced by Japanese art and its methods.
Édouard Manet was a French painter. He was one of the first 19th-century artists to paint modern life, and
a pivotal figure in the transition from Realism to Impressionism. Born into an upper-class household with strong political
connections, Manet rejected the future originally envisioned for him, and became engrossed in the world of painting.
His early masterworks, The Luncheon on the Grass and Olympia, both 1863, caused great controversy and served as rallying
points for the young painters who would create Impressionism. Today, these are considered watershed paintings that
mark the start of modern art. The last 20 years of Manet's life saw him form bonds with other great artists of the time,
and develop his own style that would be heralded as innovative and serve as a major influence for future painters.
Giovanni di Nicolao Arnolfini was a merchant from Lucca, a city in Tuscany, Italy, who spent most of his
life in Flanders, then part of the Duchy of Burgundy, probably always based in Bruges, a wealthy trading city and
one of the main towns of the Burgundian court. The Arnolfini were a powerful family in Lucca, involved in the politics
and trade of the small but wealthy city, which specialised (like Florence) in weaving expensive cloth.
Edvard Munch was a Norwegian painter and printmaker whose intensely evocative treatment of psychological
themes built upon some of the main tenets of late 19th-century Symbolism and greatly influenced German Expressionism
in the early 20th century. One of his most well-known works is The Scream of 1893.
Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci (15 April 1452 – 2 May 1519), more commonly Leonardo da Vinci or simply Leonardo,
was an Italian Renaissance polymath whose areas of interest included invention, painting, sculpting, architecture,
science, music, mathematics, engineering, literature, anatomy, geology, astronomy, botany, writing, history,
and cartography. He has been variously called the father of palaeontology, ichnology, and architecture, and is
widely considered one of the greatest painters of all time. Sometimes credited with the inventions of the parachute,
helicopter and tank, he epitomised the Renaissance humanist ideal.